What Is Male Pattern Baldness And What Can You Do About It?

Male pattern baldness is a common form of hair loss that affects millions of men worldwide. It can significantly affect physical appearance and psychological well-being, leading to low self-esteem and insecurity.

It’s a common condition characterized by hair loss that occurs in a specific pattern on the scalp. It typically begins at the temple and crown of the head where receding hairlines often appear before progressing to total baldness over time.

Other hair loss reasons like alopecia androgenetic, a prevalent hair loss condition, often leads men and women to seek specialized clinic treatments for improved hair health. Medical professionals at these clinics provide valuable information on various treatment options tailored to suit individual needs.

This article discusses the causes of male pattern baldness in more detail and outlines various treatments and prevention for those affected.

Causes of Male Pattern Baldness

Male pattern baldness is a common form of hair loss that affects many men. That said, here are common causes of this genetic trait:

Genetic Factors

A combination of genetic, hormonal, and age-related factors causes male pattern baldness. Genetic predisposition to the dihydrotestosterone (DHT) hormone produced by the enzyme 5-alpha reductase can cause male pattern baldness as this hormone binds to the hair follicles, causing them to shrink and eventually stop producing hair.

Hormonal Changes

Hormonal changes can also be a cause of male pattern baldness. The hormone dihydrotestosterone (DHT) increase has been linked to increased incidence of hair loss, as it binds to the follicles and causes them to shrink. It can lead to shorter and finer hairs or even permanent cessation of hair production.

It’s important for those at risk for this form of hair loss to be aware of their genetic predisposition and potential hormonal fluctuations associated with aging that could contribute to further thinning or complete hair loss.


Age is another significant factor when it comes to male pattern baldness. Research has demonstrated that hair loss increases with age due primarily to a decrease in testosterone production and an increase in the hormone dihydrotestosterone (DHT). DHT binds to follicles and causes them to shrink, leading to shorter, finer hairs or complete cessation of hair growth.

Finally, those at risk for male pattern baldness should be aware of their genetic predisposition and potential hormonal fluctuations associated with aging that could contribute to further thinning or permanent balding.

guy having broken hair in the comb

Treatments for Male Pattern Baldness

The treatments for male pattern baldness vary depending on the individual, but several options are available such as:

Hair Transplant

Hair transplants are one of the most popular treatments for male pattern baldness. You’d be surprised to see results of amazing before and after hair transplants. The procedure involves harvesting healthy hair follicles from an area on the scalp with abundant growth and transplanting them onto areas affected by baldness.

Furthermore, this is done in a surgical setting, and multiple sessions may be necessary to achieve desired results. Patients should be aware that while this can provide natural-looking results, they won’t be immediate; it may take several months to see any visible improvement. There are potential risks associated with hair transplantation such as infection or scarring.


In addition to hair transplants, some medications can treat male pattern baldness. Finasteride is a prescription pill taken orally that blocks an enzyme that converts testosterone into dihydrotestosterone (DHT), a hormone linked to hair loss.

Conversely, minoxidil is applied topically onto the scalp and increases the blood flow to the affected areas. This can help promote hair growth. In some cases, laser therapy or platelet-rich plasma therapy may also be recommended depending on the individual’s needs.

While these treatments can have varying degrees of success in restoring hair growth, it’s important for individuals considering them to discuss all options with their doctor before beginning treatment.

Medical Procedures

Hair transplantation is a surgical procedure in which hair follicles from an area on the scalp that still contains healthy hair are transplanted to areas of thinning or baldness. Scalp reduction surgery involves removing the bald areas and stretching surrounding hair-bearing areas over them. Low-level laser therapy and platelet-rich plasma therapy are non-invasive treatments that can stimulate hair growth.

Treatment plans at these clinics may include a combination of finasteride, minoxidil, and other medical interventions to ensure the most effective approach to combatting hair loss. By providing comprehensive information on various treatment options, these clinics empower men and women to make informed decisions about their hair health.

Discussing all options with a doctor before beginning any treatment is important as results may vary depending on the individual’s needs. Additionally, patients should be aware that multiple sessions may be necessary to achieve desired outcomes.

Skin conditions

Skin conditions can sometimes exacerbate hair loss, making it crucial for individuals to seek medical advice and treatment at a reputable clinic. By addressing these underlying skin issues, patients can improve their overall hair health and potentially slow down the progression of alopecia androgenetic.

Prevention of Male Pattern Baldness

The effects of male pattern baldness can devastate one’s self-image and confidence. Fortunately, some steps can be taken to prevent or slow the progression of this condition such as the following:

Healthy Diet

To help prevent male pattern baldness, diet plays an important role. A healthy diet of essential fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals can nourish the scalp and promote hair growth. Foods such as salmon, avocado, and spinach are especially beneficial for their high content of omega-3 fatty acids, which help nourish the scalp while providing other dietary benefits.

Protein sources such as eggs, nuts, and beans are also beneficial due to their high protein content, which helps support follicle health. Additionally, processed foods and sugary drinks should be avoided as they can lead to inflammation and damage the hair follicles.

Stress Management

Stress can harm hair health and lead to thinning or even complete baldness. To help manage stress levels, it’s recommended to practice activities such as yoga and meditation, which are known to reduce stress. Additionally, excessive alcohol consumption and smoking should be avoided as these habits will only exacerbate the effects of stress. Exercise is another way to effectively manage stress while increasing blood flow to the scalp, nourishing follicles, and promoting healthy hair growth.

Lastly, certain supplements may also support hair health by providing essential fatty acids and vitamins that promote healthy hair growth.

Other treatments for hair loss

Finasteride, a popular medication for treating hair loss, is commonly prescribed for both men and women experiencing alopecia androgenetic. This oral medication, alongside minoxidil, a topical solution, significantly impacts hair health by targeting the root causes of hair loss.

Minoxidil is a popular over-the-counter treatment option for men and women experiencing hair loss, known for its effectiveness in revitalizing hair follicles and promoting regrowth. Individuals seeking information on minoxidil can consult medical professionals at specialized hair loss clinics, where they can also explore other treatment options.

What to do?

Taking these steps can help reduce the likelihood of developing male pattern baldness. Discussing any concerns with a doctor may prove beneficial in receiving further advice on prevention methods. Lastly, while there’s no guaranteed way to prevent male pattern baldness, taking proactive measures can potentially lessen its occurrence or delay its onset.

Addressing alopecia androgenetic and other hair loss conditions involves seeking professional medical advice and exploring treatments like finasteride and minoxidil. Hair health clinics provide valuable information and support, guiding men through the journey to achieve better hair health and regain their confidence.

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